Behavior Analysis Faculty Position at Eastern Michigan University

Tenure-track position beginning Fall 2015 for PhD in Psychology with specialization in Applied or Experimental Behavior Analysis or related field.

The Psychology Department has MS programs in Clinical, Clinical-Behavioral, and Experimental psychology, an APA-accredited Clinical Psychology Ph.D. program, and approximately 1000 undergraduate majors. The department includes an onsite clinic for family and individual therapy and an active experimental analysis of behavior laboratory.

Get more information or apply at:  http://agency.governmentjobs.com/emichedu/default.cfm

 

Eastern Michigan and Western Michigan clinical  psychology programs both make list of top ten "Hidden Gems" in clinical training.

Objective data on licensing exam pass rates, internship placements, and other measures put both the Eastern Michigan and Western Michigan Clinical Psychology training programs, which include training in behavior analysis and BCBA preparation, in the top ten of programs in the nation.

(Full article here; may require subscription.)

ABAI Practice Board Responds to Time Magazine Failure on the Concept of Time Out.

Picture of page from Time MagazineTime Magazine, which has had a history of endorsing dangerous (Facilitated Communication) and empirically unsupported (Floortime) autism treatments, attacks "time-out," an empirically validated and well-tolerated method originally designed as an alternative to physical punishment.  The Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) Practice Board responds.

Woman in Australia Convicted of Sex Crime Against Disabled Man, Claimed To Get Consent Through Discredited Facilitated Communication

 

From the story: A GRANDMOTHER who says she "fell in love" with her severely autistic client at a Sunshine Coast disability services home, has been convicted on two counts of indecent dealing with him....She said he used facilitated communication to tell her that he loved her.

Alan Hudson, veteran FC critic in Australia, "identified numerous substantial faults and concluded it did not "work" for the young man."

Read and sign BAAM's Resolution Against Facilitated Communication

New Jersey's State Teacher of the Year for 2014-2015 is an Applied Behavior Analyst Taught By Our Friends at Caldwell University

The Christie Administration today announced the selection of Mark Mautone...as the 2014-2015 State Teacher of the Year....An educator for 19 years, he received his bachelor's degree from Kean University and his master's in Applied Behavior Analysis from Caldwell University.

Mautone is a signatory to BAAM's Resolution on Facilitated Communication.

New BAAM Website

 

After 10 years, BAAM is doing a phased retirement of its former website design.  We retained the 1990s-style site, with its very small file sizes, as long as possible to accommodate those struggling with slow Internet connections and older web browsers.

However, new web standards and technologies require that we update. We hope the new design is pleasing and useful.  During the transition, you might encounter some older-style pages that have been retained to facilitate the transition between old and new technologies. If your favorite pages are missing from the new site, use a search engine to look for them. IF possible, we will leave the old pages active until we have transfered them.

 

Walled Lake Schools to Pay in Dismissed Criminal  Facilitated Communication Case

Parents accused of rape and abuse via the discredited method, Facilitated Communication receive a $1.1 million settlement from Walled Lake Schools.

These large monetary settlements, and the protracted legal entanglement they involve, ought to be a warning to schools and treatment centers considering the use of dangerous and discredited treatments for autism such as Facilitated Communication (e.g., New pilot program using technology to help Md. students with autism to communicate).

What is Facilitated Communication?

Facilitated Communication (FC), sometimes also called "Supported Typing," is a set of methods by which selection-, pointing-, or writing-based communication in one individual is simulated by another person who provides physical, gestural, or other cues for the selections. In most FC, the hand or arm of the individual is held and moved. But, in some forms, the facilitator holds the communication output device or provides non-physical cues. FC is not supported by scientific evidence. In fact, FC is the single most scientifically discredited intervention in developmental disabilities.

Archive of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (JEAB)

View the contents of all back issues from 1958-2012.

BAAM 2015 Call For Papers

 

The Call for Papers for the BAAM 2015 convention is now open. The deadline for submissions is November 27, 2014. Our theme for 2015 is All Behavior Analyzed: Liberated by Science, Guided by Ethics. Submit your proposals online by the deadline for consideration for inclusion in the BAAM 2015 BAAM Convention.

Michigan State University: Scholarships for Applied Behavior Analysis Program Available

Full scholarships for a graduate certificate from the College of Education’s applied behavior analysis program are now available. The program prepares students who are interested in becoming practitioners in using behavior analysis to solve problems of human importance.

"Synomorph:" A Useful Concept From Our Ecological Psychologist Friends.

A synomorph (lit: same shape) is an instance of close fit between a particular behavior pattern and a specific part or parts of a behavior setting. A chair is a synomorph for sitting; a bed for sleeping; a cup for drinking.

The effective use of synomorphs can establish strong antecedent behavior control that reduces the need for instructions or behavioral programming. This is especially useful when the behavior of large numbers of individuals must be managed effectively such as in a classroom or public setting.

Reference:

Schoggen, P. (1989). Behavior settings: A revision and extension of Roger G. Barker's Ecological Psychology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Western Michigan University Psychology Receives $4 Million for Autism Research and Training

Photo of Western Michigan Group receiving funding

"The efforts funded by the new state money will move forward under the direction of Dr. Stephanie Peterson, chair of the WMU Department of Psychology, and Dr. Wayne Fuqua, professor of psychology, whose longtime focus has been on the use of behavior analysis for the treatment of autism."

Behaviorism Tutorial by Jay Moore from Athabascau University.

"The objective of the...tutorial is to promote an understanding of the differences between...-methodological behaviorism and radical behaviorism."

Behavior Science Saving Lives

Special BCBA Newsletter on Ethics

 

In August of 2013, the BACB Board of Directors authorized a workgroup to evaluate the organization’s disciplinary system and ethical/disciplinary codes – the Guidelines for Responsible Conduct for Behavior Analysts (“Conduct Guidelines”) and Professional Disciplinary and Ethical Standards (“Disciplinary Standards”). This action was consistent with the BACB’s history of periodically reviewing and revising its standards.

Behavior Classic: Read it again, or for the first time

"Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis"

 

"Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis," by Donald Baer, Montrose Wolf, and Todd Risley, is a classic in the field, describing the fundamental features of ABA as a science- and evidence-based practice. It is, at its core, an excellent program evaluation tool with which you can measure any treatment approach for quality and potential for success. "Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis" appeared in the first issue of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and has been a standard reading in most behavior analysts curricula since.

Archive of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis (JABA)

View the contents of all back issues from 1968-2012.

Hear Verbal Summator Files by B.F. Skinner

The Verbal Summator was a device created in the early 1930s by B.F. Skinner to present random speech sounds. Now we would use computer to do this.  Skinner had to adapt what was then called an "indexing phonograph"-- record player designed to drop the needle in a specific groove.  Dubbed an "Auditory Rorschach," listeners would seem to hear meaningful speech within what was actually meaningless output.

See also:

Rutherford, A. (2003).  B.F. Skinner and the auditory inkblot: The rise and fall of the verbal summator as a projective technique. History of Psychology, 6(4), 362-378.

Skinner, B.F. (1936).  The verbal summator and a method for the study of latent speech. Journal of Psychology, 2(1), 71-107.

 

2015 BAAM Convention

The BAAM 2015 convention will be held Thursday and Friday, February 19-20 at the Student Center on the Campus of Eastern Michigan University.

 

BAAM offers a mix of applied, basic, historical, conceptual, and professionals events, and is open to everyone.  We will have BACB CEUs available.  Last year's BAAM convention had record attendance, and we expect as many this year. BAAM has secured larger rooms  to better accommodate the growth.  We hope to see you there.

Discrimination Training Sequence Enables Horses to Pick Their Own Blankets in Cold Weather.

Horse choosing blanketBy selectively associating different blanket weights with different symbols, and rewarding correct choices, horses were taught to pick their own blankets.

Writing in The Horse,  Christa Lesté-Lasserre reports: Using a simple series of easily distinguishable printed symbols, Mejdell’s group taught 23 horses to associate symbols with certain actions. The horses learned that one symbol meant “blanket on,” another meant “blanket off,” and a third meant “no change.” Once the horses had learned the meanings (which took an average of 11 days), the researchers gave them free rein to choose symbols and rewarded them with food for their selection, regardless of which symbol they chose.

A common problem in blanket choice for horses is figuring out whether the horse is actually comfortable. This procedure would be an immediate solution. However, research on impulsivity predicts that the horses will make short-term choice, and that the blanket they want at the moment might not be suitable for conditions later.

 

Become a "Virtual Member" of BAAM

 

Virtual members are not official members of BAAM, but do receive email updates and selected mailings.

What is the Matching Law?

First described in detail in a1961 article by Richard Herrnstein, matching law says that responses are distributed among alternatives in proportion to the relative amounts reward obtained on each alternative. If you get 1/3 of your reward on behavior A, and 2/3 on B, you will devote 1/3 of your effort to A and 2/3 to B.

Research suggests that autism prevalence may be unchanged over last 20 years.

"several studies have found that there is increased surveillance for autism, a broadening of the diagnostic criteria, and an increased willingness to seek out and accept the diagnosis by parents and educators. Further, when you control for these variables, the adjusted autism prevalence is stable over time."

Ok, Pigeons Can Play Ping-Pong. Now Let's Read the Rest of Skinner's "Two Synthetic Social Relations."

Everyone seems fascinated by the pigeons B.F. Skinner taught to play a version of ping-pong. But, that was the not the most important part of his article, "Two 'Synthetic' Social Relations." It was just the introduction.

Basically, if you teach a couple of pigeons to peck at a ping-pong ball, and then put them on opposite sides of a small table, they will "play" ping-pong. That was a big deal at the time because the hand shaping of behavior was new.  But, conceptually there aren't a lot of implications.

The second part of the article is the one to really pay attention to.  What Skinner did was set up a contingency that required two pigeons separated by a pane of glass to peck corresponding keys at the same time.  One pigeon spontaneously became a "leader," looking for which one of three keys produced food.  The other pigeon, the "follower," came to mirror the behavior of the leader very closely, and the two seemed to be mirror images. This behavior generalized, and the pigeons would seem to mirror other behaviors as well. The follower pigeon showed the ability to engage in new forms of behavior simply by seeing them in the leader.

Why is this very important?  Skinner had demonstrated how sophisticated generalized imitation can be established quickly with just contingent reward for imitating a relatively simple response. If a bird can do it, why not a child?

Archive of the Analysis of Verbal Behavior

View the contents of all back issues from 1985-2013 (vol. 1) and issues of Verbal Behavior News 1982-1983

Archive of The Behavior Analyst

View the contents of all back issues from 1978-2013 (vol. 1)

BAAM Statement of Purpose

 

The Behavior Analysis Association of Michigan* has been organized to support and promote scientific research on the basic principles of behavior and the extension of those principles to create demonstrably effective and humane outcome-based therapies with the primary goal of establishing and enhancing functional independent living skills.

*BAAM is a state affiliate of the Association for Behavior Analysis International and is sponsored by the Eastern Michigan University Psychology Department.

Behavior Analysis Association of Michigan, Department of Psychology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197