BAAM '16 Convention Keynote Speakers
February 18-19, 2016
Anthony Biglan, Ph.D. (left) will speak Thursday, February 18, on his new book, "The Nurture Effect: How the Behavioral Science Can Improve Our Lives and Our World." From the abstract: B. F. Skinner envisioned societies that would use the behavioral sciences to vastly improve human wellbeing. In this talk, I will give an overview of just how much we have learned about how to help families, schools, and communities to more effectively nurture wellbeing. I will describe progress at the level of programs to help families and schools become more nurturing. But I will also talk about the larger social systems within which families and schools are situated.
Rebecca MacDonald, Ph.D. BCBA-D (left), Program Director at the New England Center for Children, will speak on her work on very early behavioral intervention for children with autism. From the abstract: The Early Skills Assessment Tool (ESAT) includes measures of imitation, language, joint attention, play, and stereotypic behavior. Eighty-three children with autism (CWA), ages 1-, 2-, and 3- years old and 58 same-aged typically developing children were assessed using the ESAT. CWA were assessed at entry into an EIBI program and again after 1 year of treatment. While significant gains were seen in all children across all age groups, the greatest gains were seen in all children across all age groups, the greatest gains were seen in the children who entered treatment before their second birthday.
Objective data on licensing exam pass rates, internship placements, and other measures put both the Eastern Michigan and Western Michigan Clinical Psychology training programs, which include training in behavior analysis and BCBA preparation, in the top ten of programs in the nation.
Time Magazine, which has had a history of endorsing dangerous (Facilitated Communication) and empirically unsupported (Floortime) autism treatments, attacks "time-out," an empirically validated and well-tolerated method originally designed as an alternative to physical punishment. The Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI) Practice Board responds.
"Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis," by Donald Baer, Montrose Wolf, and Todd Risley, is a classic in the field, describing the fundamental features of ABA as a science- and evidence-based practice. It is, at its core, an excellent program evaluation tool with which you can measure any treatment approach for quality and potential for success. "Some Current Dimensions of Applied Behavior Analysis" appeared in the first issue of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and has been a standard reading in most behavior analysts curricula since.
Archive of the Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior (JEAB)
View the contents of all back issues from 1958-2012.
View the contents of all back issues from 1978-2013 (vol. 1)
The Verbal Summator was a device created in the early 1930s by B.F. Skinner to present random speech sounds. Now we would use computer to do this. Skinner had to adapt what was then called an "indexing phonograph"-- record player designed to drop the needle in a specific groove. Dubbed an "Auditory Rorschach," listeners would seem to hear meaningful speech within what was actually meaningless output.
BAAM 2016 Thanks
Thank you to all of the attendees, presenters, volunteers, and staff who made the record-breaking 2016 BAAM Convention possible.
Is getting paid weekly an example of a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement?
No. A fixed interval (FI) schedule reinforces the first specified response after a specified period has elapsed. A weekly scheduled paycheck is not issued that way, contingent on a specific response after a week, then resetting after the response. At best, going and picking up a regularly scheduled paycheck might approximate a fixed interval--but not perfectly. Your next check will not become available exactly a week after picking up the first, but a week after the first was issued. On a true FI, the reinforcers do not accumulate until you finally respond.
Read the lectures that would eventually become B.F. Skinner 1957 classic book, Verbal Behavior.
Courtesy of the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies
"The efforts funded by the new state money will move forward under the direction of Dr. Stephanie Peterson, chair of the WMU Department of Psychology, and Dr. Wayne Fuqua, professor of psychology, whose longtime focus has been on the use of behavior analysis for the treatment of autism."
Behavior Science Saving Lives
View the contents of all back issues from 1968-2012.
View the contents of all back issues from 1985-2013 (vol. 1) and issues of Verbal Behavior News 1982-1983
Everyone seems fascinated by the pigeons B.F. Skinner taught to play a version of ping-pong. But, that was the not the most important part of his article, "Two 'Synthetic' Social Relations." It was just the introduction.
Basically, if you teach a couple of pigeons to peck at a ping-pong ball, and then put them on opposite sides of a small table, they will "play" ping-pong. That was a big deal at the time because the hand shaping of behavior was new. But, conceptually there aren't a lot of implications.
The second part of the article is the one to really pay attention to. What Skinner did was set up a contingency that required two pigeons separated by a pane of glass to peck corresponding keys at the same time. One pigeon spontaneously became a "leader," looking for which one of three keys produced food. The other pigeon, the "follower," came to mirror the behavior of the leader very closely, and the two seemed to be mirror images. This behavior generalized, and the pigeons would seem to mirror other behaviors as well. The follower pigeon showed the ability to engage in new forms of behavior simply by seeing them in the leader.
Why is this very important? Skinner had demonstrated how sophisticated generalized imitation can be established quickly with just contingent reward for imitating a relatively simple response. If a bird can do it, why not a child?
Michigan Behavior Analysts who are also Licensed or Limited License Psychologists should be aware of the new continuing education rules for Psychologists in effect Sept. 15, 2015.
Previously, Michigan LPs and LLPs were not required to earn CEUs for renewing their licenses. CEUs are now required. These rules apply only to Psychologists. They have no effect on BCBAs and BCaBAs. But, be aware that BACB CEUs may not count for this requirement unless they are also approved for psychology.
Please note that the Michigan Psychology rules reproduced on the BAAM website and BAAM legacy site are no longer current. Refer to the rules at the link below:
The Western Michigan University Autism Center for Excellence announces the availability of a series of video interviews with experts in ABA, autism and behavioral pediatrics. See the text of the press release here.
These videos feature presentations and interviews with experts in applied behavior analysis and behavioral pediatrics. In many cases, the videos also include supplemental materials and clinical simulations that demonstrate the application of essential features of an assessment or intervention technique. These videos are designed to enhance the ability of applied behavior analysis practitioners.
"Synomorph:" A Useful Concept From Our Ecological Psychologist Friends.
A synomorph (lit: same shape) is an instance of close fit between a particular behavior pattern and a specific part or parts of a behavior setting. A chair is a synomorph for sitting; a bed for sleeping; a cup for drinking.
The effective use of synomorphs can establish strong antecedent behavior control that reduces the need for instructions or behavioral programming. This is especially useful when the behavior of large numbers of individuals must be managed effectively such as in a classroom or public setting.
Writing in The Horse, Christa Lesté-Lasserre reports: Using a simple series of easily distinguishable printed symbols, Mejdell’s group taught 23 horses to associate symbols with certain actions. The horses learned that one symbol meant “blanket on,” another meant “blanket off,” and a third meant “no change.” Once the horses had learned the meanings (which took an average of 11 days), the researchers gave them free rein to choose symbols and rewarded them with food for their selection, regardless of which symbol they chose.
A common problem in blanket choice for horses is figuring out whether the horse is actually comfortable. This procedure would be an immediate solution. However, research on impulsivity predicts that the horses will make short-term choice, and that the blanket they want at the moment might not be suitable for conditions later.
What is the Matching Law?
First described in detail in a1961 article by Richard Herrnstein, matching law says that responses are distributed among alternatives in proportion to the relative amounts reward obtained on each alternative. If you get 1/3 of your reward on behavior A, and 2/3 on B, you will devote 1/3 of your effort to A and 2/3 to B.
BAAM Statement of Purpose
The Behavior Analysis Association of Michigan* has been organized to support and promote scientific research on the basic principles of behavior and the extension of those principles to create demonstrably effective and humane outcome-based therapies with the primary goal of establishing and enhancing functional independent living skills.
*BAAM is a state affiliate of the Association for Behavior Analysis International and is sponsored by the Eastern Michigan University Psychology Department.
Behavior Analysis Association of Michigan, Department of Psychology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197